The research aims at
providing accurate information and answers regarding the impact of the Syrian
refugee crisis on Europe’s economy, society and polity. The refugee crisis that
became a major international issue during recent years came as a result of the
Syrian Civil war.
Hundreds of migrants
and refugees fled from Syria to the European subcontinent to seek shelter and
relief from the terrible circumstances back in Syria. The international
terrorist association ISIS is the major force behind the chaos and disturbances
This research focuses
on exploring these themes that are recurrent throughout this study of the
refugee crisis in Syria. The primary focus, as well as, the study in question
is the impact this crisis on the European subcontinent. The response of the European
nations towards this issue is examined specifically and also the effects on the
individual countries are examined separately. Also, the different spheres at
which the host nations were affected are also examined i.e. the social,
economic, cultural and political spheres.
The research has a wide
scope as it encompasses the major crisis that had a great impact all over the
world and in international politics. Europe played a major role throughout as
they had to shoulder the responsibility of accommodating the majority of the
Many books and
fictional narratives have been written by refugees and other writers regarding
the several refugee crises faced by people across the world. ‘The Silence and
the Roar’ written by the prolific Aleppo-born novelist Nihad Sirees is one such
narrative that focuses on the Syrian Refugee crisis. This novel is an account
from the author’s life about how he was silenced by the Syrian government for
refusing to contribute to a system of propaganda in service to the unnamed
dictator of an unnamed country.
Several other novels
and autobiographical accounts have been written about refugee crises across the
world. These include Leila Abdelrazaq’s Baddawi, Porochista Khakpour’s ‘The
Last Illusion’, ‘The Beautiful Things That Heaven Bears’ by Dinaw Mengestu
among many others.
Various methods have
been applied for the completion of this research using the aid of BBC news
services, video analysis, articles pertaining to the topic, fiction narrative
and other online sources.
The research aims to
get exact information regarding the impact of the Syrian refugee crisis on
Europe. The results include the pertinent changes that came about in the
political, social, economical and cultural spheres of life of the respective
nations due to this crisis. Also the response of the nations towards this issue
will be analysed and recorded.
The methods used for
the completion of this research are varied and multiple. Various sources like
BBC News service, newspaper articles, websites, narratives, fictional
narratives, autobiographical records, videos and other online sources were
referred to for gathering information for the research. Surveys, statistics and
graphical records, flowcharts and diagrams regarding this subject were examined
for getting exact information and material.
Also the issue is examined from the perspective of bothSyrian migrants
as well as the European nations and their citizens. A period of one month has
been taken to complete this research. Pertinent questions regarding the topic
were answered during the research through empirical and analytical study.
FINDINGS AND ARGUMENTS
The Syrian refugee
crisis has led to an influx of a large number of migrants to the host countries
in Europe. This has affected the social, economic, political and cultural
aspects of the nations. The following graph shows
asylum applications by country and top nationalities by year, and also provides
individual countries’ share of asylum applications per capita and as a share of
the EU/EFTA total for the year.
In 2014, when ISIS
announced caliphate and started mass killings, thousands of Syrians tried to
flee to Europe seeking shelter and asylum, but the European Union prevented the
entry of mass numbers of migrants onto the subcontinent with the claim that it
will negatively affect the economy and social welfare of the European nations. EU
started to impose fines on airlines that transported refugees without
documents. Also EU stopped funding Mare Nostrum, which resulted in the death of
thousands of immigrants in the Mediterranean.
The attitude of the
European nations as well as the world over towards the Syrian refugees changed
when the picture of the dead body of Aylan Kurdi, a three year old Syrian boy,
washed upon the Turkish beach gained wide world view. The boy and his family
were trying to cross the Mediterranean to reach the EU for asylum whilst he
drowned. This incident was succeeded with the mass support towards refugees
from the European citizens. The Slogan ‘Refugees Welcome’ by the host nations
became popular during this time. The nations Britain, France and Germany pledged
to take in thousands of refugees into their countries after this terrible
incident. Though the EU and the different European nations were accommodating
towards the refugees at first, they became reluctant to accept more refugees
inside their boundaries when the influx became uncontrollable.
A total of around 1.7
million people have registered as refugees in various countries ever since the start
of the uprisings against the rule of President Bashar al-Assad in March 2011.
The basic conclusion
that can be drawn from this research is that the issue of the Syrian refugee crisis
had a fundamental and significant impact on the different aspects of the
This refugee crisis has
shook Europe as a whole and not just a handful of the countries. It also
imposes a challenge to the entire European construction project and not just
some of the EU’s policies. This entire issue questions the EU’s founding values
and also examines the cohesion between the different European societies in this
matter. Also the huge number of refugee arrivals in some member states reveals
the fragility of the social welfare systems working there which had already
been hit by economic crisis and austerity policies. Another conclusion that can
be drawn is that, if well utilized, the influx of the migrant population could
be an opportunity to revitalize European labour markets.
This research can be
seen as a critical and analytical documentation of the major issue of the
Syrian refugee crisis on Europe. It will help to achieve an understanding on
how the issue has affected Europe as a whole and how the subcontinent responded
to it. It can also be used as a basis for further research and study on the
various aspects regarding this issue.
As a whole, it can be
asserted that the Syrian refugee crisis had both positive and negative impacts
on the European society as per the conclusions gathered from the research.
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-23813975 BBC NEWS.
2. 2018. http://1.www.migrationpolicy.org/programs/moving-europe-beyond-crisis?gclid=EAIaIQobChMIsJe5tp3S2AIVSB0rCh2ABwXOEAAYAiAAEgI8N_D_BwE.
3. 2018. http://2.bev.berkeley.edu/OLLI%202016%20Refugees/Session%203%20The%20Impact%20of%20the%20Refugee%20Crisis%20on%20Europe.pdf.